Essential health checkup
Essential health checkup

To maintain good health, a healthy lifestyle is more important than anything else. Daily exercise, fresh food, and adequate sleep will keep you moderately healthy. However, the current polluted environment and the lifestyle of the current generation causing many diseases and sufferings. Hence, early detection of disease is crucial to treat and cure health problems. We are listing here the essential periodic tests to detect the sign of an unhealthy body. This guideline is extremely important for elderly people aged over 50.

1. Periodic Tests – Once in a Year

1.1 Blood Tests

  1. General: CBC (Complete Blood Count), ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate), Rh factor
  2. Lipid (Cholesterol, Fat): Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, VLDL Cholesterol
  3. Kidney: Blood Urea Nitrogen, Creatinine, Uric Acid, Calcium, Phosphorus
  4. Liver (LFT/Liver Function Test): Total Bilirubin, Total Protein, A/G Ratio, GGT/SGOT/SGPT, Alkaline Phosphatase
  5. Thyroid: TSH, T3, T4
  6. Vitamin: D, B12
  7. Diabetes: Fasting (Preprandial) and PP (Postprandial) blood sugar, HbA1C (Glycated Haemoglobin, gives 3 months average)

1.2 Other Tests

  1. Lungs: PFT (Pulmonary Function Test)
  2. Heart: ECG (Electrocardiogram, detects heart abnormalities), ECHO (ECHOcardiogram, detects heart movement), TMT (Treadmill Test)
  3. Others:
    • Chest X-Ray – Checks heart, lung, blood vessels, bones of chest and spine
    • Urine Routine – Checks urinary tract and kidney infection
    • Stool Routine – Checks digestive tract infection

2. Frequent Tests – Once in a Month

If you have diabetes or having hypertension (high blood pressure), then the following tests should be done once a month otherwise, you can do these along with the above yearly tests.

  1. Blood Pressure:
    • Systolic and diastolic level: 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg is normal, up to 139/89 is pre-high, above 140/90 mmHg is high
  2. Blood Sugar:
    • Fasting: less than 100 mg/dL or 5.6 mmol/L is normal, up to 125 mg/dL or 6.9 mmol/L is pre-diabetes, above 126 mg/dL or 7 mmol/L is diabetes
    • After food (PP): up to 140 mg/dL or 7.8 mmol/L is normal

3. Download

Download the printable copy of the list of essential tests here.

Use our app to learn more about reference range values (minimum and maximum) for all sorts of health tests.

Periodic Essential Health Checkup
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